Today in Philippine history


(March 2)

Today in Philippine History, March 2, 1847, Cayetano Arellano was born in Orion, Bataan

On March 2, 1847, Cayetano L. Arellano, the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under American Civil Government, was born in Orion, Bataan.

Nobody could have predicted that this errand boy of friars would someday be chief justice of the Supreme Court. At age two he lost his mother and at age five left by his father under the care of Dominican priest.

In subsequent years, he was under the care of a parish priest of Binondo, Manila who supervised his schooling and who found him bright and industrious.

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Today March 2 in Philippine history

Today in Philippine History, March 2, 1964, Senate President Marcos announced he is seeking the Presidency

  
Senate President Ferdinand E. Marcos   
On March 2, 1964, Senate President Ferdinand Marcos, speaking before Dumaguete Rotary and Lions club members, announced he is seeking the Presidency and reiterates that Macapagal promised to run for only one term, but that he is willing to abandon his presidential ambitions if Macapagal "will carry out Liberal Party reform and improve the country's economy".

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The life and art of Juan Luna according to Dr. Jose Rizal

   Juan Luna
   (Juan Luna at the age of 29 from an engraving on the front cover of La Ilustracion - Revista Hispano-Americana on February 28, 1886)
(This is an article written by Dr. Jose Rizal published in the magazine La Ilustracion - Revista Hispano-Americana on February 28, 1886 (Año 7, Numero 278), edited by Luis Tasso, Barcelona, Spain. Published in English by the Philippine Magazine on July 1929.)

Being a friend and compatriot of this illustrious artist, imposes on us a duty: temperance in our judgment and in our praise. The praises of a friend do more harm than the criticisms of an enemy, and they make the stranger laugh.

Luna's Early Life

Luna's past is short, it is the story of a plant, hidden in the ground, which forces a passage to the light in spite of a thousand difficulties. Juan Luna was born on the 23rd of October, 1857, in Badoc, province of Ilocos Norte, island of Luzon. To be notable seems a quality inherent in his name. Manuel, his older brother, who died in the flower of his years, was a musician and artist from the heart, and, according to Juan Luna, had a stronger disposition toward painting than he had himself; Jose, younger than he, is one of the most able surgeons of the Archipelago, and faces a most brilliant future; the other ones who are still preparing for their careers have begun to win prizes in thier concourses.

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Today in Philippine history, February 26, 1903, Apolinario Mabini took oath of allegiance to the United States

Apolinario Manila   
(Apolinario Mabini, after a painting by Fabian dela Rosa, 1911)   
On February 26, 1903, Apolinario Mabini, took oath of allegiance to the United States of America, before the Collector of Customs. Mabini who had on two previous ocassions refused to do so, said in his manifesto:

"I went into this struggle, heeding the voice of the people; I now abandon the struggle for the same cause." He closed this document with a declaration of his faith in the United States and its purposes. "I will now return", he said, "to the obscurity from which, impelled by circumstances, I have come".

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Today in Philippine history, May 24, 1915, Ignacio Villamor was elected president of the University of the Philippines

   Ignacio Villamor
   (Ignacio Villamor. Photo credit: Philippine Magazine, July 1915)
On May 24, 1915, the board of regents of the University of the Philippines (UP) elected Ignacio Villamor as president of the university. Villamor was the first Filipino president of the UP. He was executive secretary of the Philippine Commission at the time of his election. He assumed the duties of office on June 7 of the same year.

Ignacio Villamor was born on February 1, 1863, in the town of Bangued, Abra to Florencio Villamor and Wenceslawa Borbon. Florencio was a man above the average height; affable and agreeable and a good story teller; a successful farmer; a man who enjoyed life in the pueblo, and was a hospitable a Filipino as could be found in that part of Luzon. He was a true and loyal citizen as is shown by the fact that the electors of the town of Bangued elected him municipal president. Both he and his wife were educated in the Spanish language and they took a deep interest in the education and bringing up of their children.

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Today in Philippine history August 30, 1951 the mutual defense treaty was signed by the US and the Philippines

   Presidents Harry Truman and Elpidio Quirino
   (US President Harry Truman (left) and Philippine President Elpidio Quirino (center) in the Oval Office. Photo taken September 13, 1951. Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons)
On August 30, 1951, the Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of the Philippines was signed in Washington, D. C., by President Harry Truman and President Elpidio Quirino.

The two countries agreed, "separately and jointly by selfhelp and mutual aid", to "maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack" and to recognize that "an armed attack in the Pacific area on either the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety" and further agreed that each "would act to meet the common danger in accordance with its constitutional processes".

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Today in Philippine history, December 7, 1956, the Philippines was elected to the United Nations Security Council

   On December 7, 1956, the Philippines was elected to the United Nations  Security Council
On December 7, 1956, The Philippines was elected to the eleven-nation United Nations Security Council (UNSC). President Ramon Magsaysay on the following day, designated Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo as Philippine representative on the Council.

The Philippines deadlocked with Yugoslavia the previous year in election to the Council and an improvised lottery resulted in the accession of the latter to the seat with the understanding that it would give way to the Philippines after one year of the two-year term. The Soviet bloc attempted to upset this arrangement and proposed the election of Czechoslovakia, but on a vote being taken, the Philippines won on a secret ballot of 51 to 20.

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Today in Philippine History July 2, 1889, the Manila school of Agriculture was established

   Manila School of Agriculture
On July 2, 1889, the Manila school of Agriculture, created by a Royal decree of November 29, 1887, was established.

The objects of the school were: The theoretical and practical education of skilled farmers; The education of overseers; and The promotion of agricultural development in the Philippines, by means of observation, experiment, and investigation.

In order for a student to enter officially into the study of scientific agriculture, it was necessary to be vouched for by a valid certificate, to be of good health, and to have studied and have passed examinations in some institution of secondary education, or other properly accredited institution.

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Install Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed in Debian Wheezy

   How to install Tomcat 8 in Debian Wheezy
Here is a guide on how to configure Debian Wheezy with Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed. This is based on our recently configured Wheezy of similar setup. Below are the main components of this webserver installation.

  • Nginx with Googe PageSpeed and some other Nginx modules
  • Tomcat 8 on Java 7
  • MySQL and phpMyAdmin on php5-fpm.
  • Debian Wheezy Linux server.

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How to play a sound when an element is clicked in HTML page

In this example we will demonstrate how to play a "click" sound when a link or other element is clicked in HTML pages. A sample code for jQueryMobile is also provided. An MP3 audio file is used play the actual sound. You have to have jQuery in your page for this to work.

Sound is played through HTML5 <audio /> tag but instead of embedding the tag manually, the tag is created via Javascript/JQuery. Below is how this is done.

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Using Google Custom Search engine in PrimeFaces Overlay Panels

The following is an example on how to implement a custom Google Search engine in PrimeFaces version 4 <p:overlayPanel />. First create an account with Google Custom search (CSE) here https://www.google.com/cse. You will get your own Custom Search engine ID. From within your CSE account you will find a place to generate the following basic CSE Javascript code. Place this code in the head section or in the body just before the closing </body> tag, whichever is prefered.

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