Today in Philippine history


(April 1)

Today in Philippine History, April 1, 1901, Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States

   General Aguinaldo in the field
   General Aguinaldo in the field (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).
On April 1, 1901, President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognizing the sovereignty of the US over the Philippines. He was captured by the Americans in his secret headquarters in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901.

After his capture, Aguinaldo was held at the Malacañang palace as a POW but was treated more as guest than a prisoner from March 28th until April 20th of 1901.


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Slavery Among the Natives according Guido de Lavezaris

   Guido de Lavezaris
   Governor-General Guido de Lavezaris
Guido de Lavezaris was the second Governor-General of the Philippines, he succeeded Miguel Lopez de Legazpi upon his death as per sealed instructions to succeed Legazpi in case of his death. He was appointed royal treasurer of Legazpi's expedition of 1564. He was also with the expedition of Ruy Lopez de Villalobos of 1542.

This account is in compliance with a royal decree issued by Spanish King Philip II on May 28, 1572.

Sacred Royal Catholic Majesty:

By one of your royal decrees, dated Madrid, May 18, 1572, your Majesty commands me to send you an account of the slaves that exist in these parts; and how, and with what justification, they are slaves. What has been ascertained about them, to the present time, in this island(s) is as follows:

Some are slaves from their birth. Their origin is not known, because their fathers, grandfathers, and ancestors were also slaves. But although the reason for their slavery is not known, we may believe that it was for some one of the causes here named. Some are captives in wars that different villages wage against each other, for certain injuries and acts of injustice, committed either recently or in ancient times.


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A tribute to Apolinario Mabini, the Sublime Paralytic

A tribute to the Sublime Paralytic, Apolinario Mabini
There have been critical moments in the history of our counry since the days of the Conquest. Entire regions have been shaken by castastrophes. Political commotions, reigns of terror, riots and uprising; an invading army seizing the government of the city; Church and State arrayed against each other, with a governor-general assassinated in his palace; three virtuous priests executed on the gallows for defending justice; but none of these events has been so important, so decisive in the destiny of our race, as that supreme moment in August 1896, when Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto, at the head of their men, commended themselves to God, went forth to do battle and faced death in the cause of the liberty of their people.


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Today in Philippine history, March 22, 1915, the Sultan of Sulu relinquished his sovereignty over Sulu

Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammed Jamalul Kiram II
Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram
On March 22, 1915, the Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, in behalf of his adherents and people of the Sulu Archipelago, signed in Zamboanga, a mutual agreement with the Governor General, represented by the governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.

The Sultan agreed "without any reservation and limitation whatsoever, ratifies and confirms his recognition of the sovereignty of the United States of America, and the exercise by his excellency the Governor General and the representatives of the government in Mindanao and Sulu".


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Today in Philippine history, May 10, 1884, Maria Paz Mendoza Guazon was born in Pandacan, Manila

  
   Dra. Maria Paz Mendoza Guazon
On May 10, 1884, Maria Paz Mendoza Guazon, the first woman to graduate from the first medical school in the country, the UP College of Medicine in 1912, was born in Pandacan, Manila as Maria Paz Mendoza.

She attained many "firsts". She was the first Filipina to receive the high school diploma from a public school, the first Filipina appointed to fill a professor's chair at the University of the Philippines, the first woman member of the Board of Regents of the same University, and since 1924 was re- elected to this post several times, the first Filipina appointed by the Philippine Legislature to an educational mission to the United States in 1926, the first Filipina winner of the Zobel Prize in 1930 for her work, "Notas de Viaje". She was the founder and first president of the Philippine Association of University Women and the first managing editor of its official organ, The Woman's World.


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Today in Philippine history, March 15, 1956, the Philippines was selected as site for Asian Nuclear Research Center

   Atoms for Peace program
On March 15, 1956, US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, announced in Manila that the Philippines had been selected as site for the projected Asian Nuclear Research Center, this was followed by a statement in Washington, issued by the International Cooperation Administration (ICA), which ran, in part:

"The Republic of the Philippines has been chosen as the site for the new Asian nuclear center which was proposed by the United States at the Colombo Plan meeting held in Singapore last October. The United States is now preparing to move rapidly with initial plans for the establishment of this center as a means of putting atomic energy to work for the economic and social progress of Asia. This action will represent an important step toward the further advancement of President Eisenhower's atoms-for-peace program."


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How to use and append data to Masonry in responsive jQueryMobile with JSF 2 and ajax

   Using Masonry in jQueryMobile with JSF 2 and Ajax
This is a demonstration on using Masonry, a grid layout JavaScript library, in a responsive JSF 2 page with jQueryMobile framework. This also shows how to do partial update, appending new grid items to Masonry by fetching additional data from the server via JSF <.f:ajax /> requests. The following assumes that you have included in a page the necessary jQuery, jQueryMobile, Masonry, and ImagesLoaded JavaScript and CSS files. This is based on MyFaces 2.2.3 JSF implementation, version 1.43 of jQueryMobile (JQM), and Masonry version 3.2.

As a demo please check out our Gallery page, it employs the same code as described here.


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Install Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed in Debian Wheezy

   How to install Tomcat 8 in Debian Wheezy
Here is a guide on how to configure Debian Wheezy with Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed. This is based on our recently configured Wheezy of similar setup. Below are the main components of this webserver installation.

  • Nginx with Googe PageSpeed and some other Nginx modules
  • Tomcat 8 on Java 7
  • MySQL and phpMyAdmin on php5-fpm.
  • Debian Wheezy Linux server.


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How to play a sound when an element is clicked in HTML page

   How to play a sound when an element is clicked in HTML page
In this example we will demonstrate how to play a "click" sound when a link or other element is clicked in HTML pages. A sample code for jQueryMobile is also provided. An MP3 audio file is used play the actual sound. You have to have jQuery in your page for this to work.

Sound is played through HTML5 <audio /> tag but instead of embedding the tag manually, the tag is created via Javascript/JQuery. Below is how this is done.


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Using Google Custom Search engine in PrimeFaces Overlay Panels

The following is an example on how to implement a custom Google Search engine in PrimeFaces version 4 <p:overlayPanel />. First create an account with Google Custom search (CSE) here https://www.google.com/cse. You will get your own Custom Search engine ID. From within your CSE account you will find a place to generate the following basic CSE Javascript code. Place this code in the head section or in the body just before the closing </body> tag, whichever is prefered.


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How to create a JQuery Mobile page with responsive grids

This blog aims to demo examples on how to implement a responsive page targeting various handheld screen sizes. What we decribe here is similar to what we use in our XHTML JSF home page that uses JQuery mobile but is no different when applied to a JQuery mobile page in HTML.


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