Most recent posts in Philippine history

Felipe Calderon   
     
The second part of these Memoirs covers the period from May, 1899, when I returned from Batangas, until the complete restoration of peace and the present time; during the same I took a direct part in political and social events of exceptional importance.

As I have already said, in the latter half of January, 1899, I was, for the reasons already stated, obliged to go to Batangas Province. While I was at the pueblo of Lipa, where I had gone with Colonel Martin Cabrera of the Insurgent Army, to attend the ceremony of the taking of the oath to the revolutionary flag of the new levies of a battalion being organized under the orders of General Miguel Malvar, we received the news of the outbreak of hostilities in Manila, on February 4th. I have no idea how it developed and what was the immediate cause of that outbreak, but subsequently I learned a few details which clearly show that the provocation came from the Americans. I repeat again that whatever information I am now giving is hearsay only, but was received from absolutely trustworthy persons; moreover, all the precedents show that such a rupture of hostilities between Americans and Filipinos was bound to come sooner or later. While it is true that since the end of November, 1899, both Americans and Filipinos were seen to be making preparations for a struggle that had to come sooner or later, yet the Filipinos did not believe that it would come so soon. The fact that both General Ricarte and General San Miguel, who were commanding the Santa Ana line, beginning at the bridge of that same name, were absent from their posts on the night when the hostilities began, is a good proof of what we have said. General Aguinaldo, in his report, above referred to, published in the review "Filipinas ante Europa", in speaking of the beginning of the battle on February 4, 1899, says the following:


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Felipe Calderon   
Felipe Calderon in 1900   

These memoirs, left by the late Professor Calderon and now published in complete form, refer to important facts connected with the Philippine Revolution and the first years of American occupation. They consist of two parts: the first comprises the period from May, 1898, to January, 1899, and the second that from May, 1899, to 1901.

The first part is well known: it was published by El Renacimiento in 1907. It was subsequently printed in book form, under the title Mis Memorias sobre la Revolucion Filipina. In printing this book the same type was used as had been used in the newspaper, hence its form is very deficient and it offers many difficulties to the student as a source of information. Not only are there typographical errors in nearly every paragraph, but the narration of the facts is interrupted by an unfortunate mistake in the pages, aggravated still further by the reproduction in the form of notes and appendices of official documents and clippings from newspapers which greatly diminish the intrinsic value of the work and the personal contribution of the author to the whole.


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Rosa Sevilla de Alvero   
Mrs. Rosa L. Sevilla de Alvero   
(Address of the Directress of the "Instituto de Mujeres" at the inauguration of the "Liga Nacional de Damas", Manila, February 11, 1922.)

The Filipino woman, with the exquisite femininity that characterizes her, never leaves home but for the home's sake. You will see her ever womanly, the wife always keeping to her house and concerning herself with nothing but her home, her husband and her children.


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   Chairman of the six standing committees of the Assembly are, L-R:  Lester B. Pearson, Canada, Political Committee;  Hernan Santa Cruz, Chile, Economic and Financial Committee; Carlos Eduardo Stolk, Venezuela, Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee; Hermod Lannung, Denmark, Trusteeship Committee;  Alexis Kyrou, Greece, Administrative and Budgetary Committee, and Manfred Lachs, Poland, Legal Committee. Assembly President Carlos Romulo of the Philippines is seated.
   Chairman of the six standing committees of the Assembly with Assembly President Carlos Romulo of the Philippines ( seated).
On September 21, 1949, Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo as head of the Philippine delegation to the United Nations (UN) was elected President of fourth General Assembly. Romulo received the votes of the representatives of all 59 nations except those of Russia and its satellite states which give 5 votes to the Czech Foriegn Minister and the vote from Yugoslavia being declared invalid.


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   Perdo Bukaneg
Few know much about Pedro Bukaneg, who he was or what he did. Yet in his day and generation his name was carried as far as Madrid and Rome. The incidents of his life parallel those of Moses to a certain extent; even if he did not write the "Tables of the Law", his labors to convert his countrymen to a better creed, resemble those of the Hebrew lawgiver. An Ilocano by birth and widely credited as the author of the Ilocano epic "Biag ni Lam-ang", his story dates back to about twenty years after Legaspi's conquest, ancient enough, historically speaking.


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This date in Philippine history
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On October 1, 1898, the peace negotiations between Spain and the United States started in Paris, France to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war after six months of hostilities.

The American Peace Commission consisted of William R. Day, Senator Cushman K. Davis, Senator William P. Frye, Senator George Gray, and the Honorable Whitelaw Reid.

The Spanish commission was headed by Don Eugenio Montero Rios, the President of the Senate. Members were, Don Buenaventura de Abarzuza, Don José de Garnica, Don Wenceslao Ramírez de Villa-Urrutia, and Don Rafael Cerero. Jules Cambon, a French diplomat, also negotiated on Spain's behalf.

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   Trilla in Manila
   Trilla in Manila
On October 1, 1975, the so-called "Boxing of the Century" between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship of the World took place at the Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City.

President Ferdinand Marcos offered to hold the bout in Metro Manila and sponsor it to divert attention from the social turmoil that the country was experiencing, having declared martial law three years earlier in 1972. Don King, the promoter, amused by the gesture, agreed to hold the fight at the Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City. Produced by King and broadcast to many countries worldwide with HBO's antenna, The Thrilla in Manila had a tremendous media following.

Ali won via technical knockout in the 14th round against Frazier, who was virtually helpless and nearly knocked down. It was their third and final boxing match.

This date in Philippine history

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Primo's code blogs recent entries

   How to install Tomcat 8 in Debian Wheezy
Here is a guide on how to configure Debian Wheezy with Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed. This is based on our recently configured Wheezy of similar setup. Below are the main components of this webserver installation.

  • Nginx with Googe PageSpeed and some other Nginx modules
  • Tomcat 8 on Java 7
  • MySQL and phpMyAdmin on php5-fpm.
  • Debian Wheezy Linux server.


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In this example we will demonstrate how to play a "click" sound when a link or other element is clicked in HTML pages. A sample code for jQueryMobile is also provided. An MP3 audio file is used play the actual sound. You have to have jQuery in your page for this to work.

Sound is played through HTML5 <audio /> tag but instead of embedding the tag manually, the tag is created via Javascript/JQuery. Below is how this is done.


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The following is an example on how to implement a custom Google Search engine in PrimeFaces version 4 <p:overlayPanel />. First create an account with Google Custom search (CSE) here https://www.google.com/cse. You will get your own Custom Search engine ID. From within your CSE account you will find a place to generate the following basic CSE Javascript code. Place this code in the head section or in the body just before the closing </body> tag, whichever is prefered.


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This blog aims to demo examples on how to implement a responsive page targeting various handheld screen sizes. What we decribe here is similar to what we use in our XHTML JSF home page that uses JQuery mobile but is no different when applied to a JQuery mobile page in HTML.


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Responsive adsense ad units are helpful for websites targeting various screen sizes where ad units adapting to screen resolutions are desired. This is the case for mobile websites. This blog is based on a blog from "inside adsense blogs". Please note that link units are not yet supported as of blog time.

To create responsive ads, generate the ad unit code as you usually would from your adsense account. When creating a new unit, a code generaor window is presented and from this window choose to generate the new Asynchronous (BETA) JavaScript code from a dropdown.


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  • The first Women Guerrilla corps practicing on November 8, 1941
    The first Women Guerrilla corps practicing on November 8, 1941
  • Presidents Magsaysay and Aguinaldo
    Presidents Magsaysay and Aguinaldo
  • Two Ifugaos dressed for cock-fight dance<br/>(1900's)
    Two Ifugaos dressed for cock-fight dance
    (1900's)
  • Igorot dance, Baguio, Benguet<br/>(1910)
    Igorot dance, Baguio, Benguet
    (1910)
  • Start of the Death March after the surrender of<br/>Bataan (April 1942)
    Start of the Death March after the surrender of
    Bataan (April 1942)



Philippine Constitutions


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