Significant daily events in the month of June in Philippine history

Today in Philippine History, June 1, 1649, Miguel Ponce Barberan was killed by Sumuroy marking the beginning of the Palapag rebellion

Posted Thursday May 31, 2012 16:37:03
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On Tuesday, June 1, 1649, Father Miguel Ponce Barberan was killed by Sumuroy by hurling a javelin (lance) at him, killing the priest instantly. This event marked the beginning of uprising of the men of Palapag (in the present day Northern Samar). The uprising is to be known as the "Sumuroy Rebellion".

Sumuroy was a skilled pilot of the sea and because of this account he was favored by the father and had enjoyed immunity from tribute and personal services.

Due to loses of galleons, it was necessary to maintain a shipyard in Cavite. Through a decree issued by Governor-general Diego Fajardo, carpenters from Manila were drafted and additional carpenters and laborers from each province were demanded. Provinces away from Manila resented the decree and immediately made demonstration of displeasure.

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Today in Philippine History, June 3, 1876, Jose Palma was born in Tondo, Manila

Posted Saturday June 02, 2012 16:23:50
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On June 3, 1876, Jose Palma, famous poet who wrote the lyrics of the Philippine national anthem, was born in Tondo, Manila. He was the youngest child of Don Hermogenes Palma and Hilaria Velasquez.

Palma continued his studies at the Ateneo Municipal after he finished his primera enseñanza in Tondo. It was while in Ateneo when he started composing verses. One of his earliest works was "La cruz de Sampaguitas" which he composed in 1893, the same year when he fell in love with Florentina Arellano. Their relationship, however, was cut short by the girl's parents who did not approve of him.

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Today in Philippine History, June 5, 1754, a Royal Cedula providing compulsory teaching of Spanish was received in the Philippines

Posted Monday June 04, 2012 21:40:19
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On June 5, 1754, a Royal Cedula (Decree) of King Ferdinand VI of Spain, providing for the compulsory teaching of Spanish in all schools for boys and girls, was received in the Philippines.

Spanish language is among the lasting legacies of Spain to the Filipinos, which linguistic authorities said has enriched the national language called Pilipino with at least 5,000 Spanish loan-words.

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Today in Philippine History, June 7, 1907, Arturo Belleza Rotor was born

Posted Wednesday June 06, 2012 17:02:49
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On June 7, 1907, Arturo Belleza Rotor, considered as among the best Filipino short story writers of the twentieth century, was born. Rotor was also a Medical Doctor.

He attended the University of the Philippines (UP), graduating from the Conservatory of Music and the College of Medicine.

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Today in Philippine History, June 9, 1975, the Philippines and China established diplomatic relations

Posted Friday June 08, 2012 15:52:15
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On June 9, 1975, the Republic of the Philippines and the People's Republic of China signed a Joint Communique in Beijing formally establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries at the ambassadorial level.

Related to this, Presidential Proclamation No. 148 was issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on January 22, 2002 declaring June 9 of every year as Filipino-Chinese Friendship Day.

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Today in Philippine History, June 10, 1873, Restituto Javier was born

Posted Saturday June 09, 2012 16:04:41
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On June 10, 1873, Restituto Javier, a native of Tondo and believed to be the first to be accepted by Andres Bonifacio to the Katipunan, was born.

Javier was employed by Fressel and Co., a British firm where he met his fellow worker Andres Bonifacio. Bonifacio shared most of his thoughts to him, both got acquinted and later was accepted to the Katipunan.

He and his half brother Jose Turiano Santiago were the primary sponsors to the wedding of Andres Bonifacio and Gregoria De Jesus.

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Today in Philippine History, June 11, 1901, an act providing for the organization of courts was approved

Posted Sunday June 10, 2012 16:28:57
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On June 11, 1901, an act providing for the organization of courts in the Philippine Islands during the American occupation, was approved.

Complete provision was made for a system of judicial tribunals from the highest to the lowest to cover all parts of the archipelago that were subject to (US) civil authority and were not specially excepted. It made provision for three classes of courts: a Supreme Court to be located at Manila, courts of first instance, and courts of justices of the peace.

In addition it left to the mayors of municipalities the powers conferred upon them by the municipal code to try offenses against municipal ordinances. Provost courts, with their special powers, were continued in existence where they were deemed necessary by the military governor.

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Today in Philippine History, June 12, 1898, Aguinaldo formally proclaimed the Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite

Posted Monday June 11, 2012 15:57:27
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Original Philippine Flag   
The original Flag raised by Emilio Aguinaldo in declaring the independence in 1898 (Click on image to enlarge).   
On June 12, 1898, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, head of the Philippine Revolutionary Republic, formally proclaimed Philippine Independence from the central second-story window of the Aguinaldo ancestral house in Kawit, Cavite.

This grand occasion was highlighted by the playing, for the first time, of the Philippine national anthem, the unfurling of the national flag, and the reading of the proclamation of independence.

The Philippine national anthem, which embodies the struggles and the glory of Filipino people in search of freedom from foreign denomination, was composed by Julian Felipe and played by the San Francisco de Malabon Band. The Spanish lyrics were written by Jose Palma a year later.

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Today in Philippine History, June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States

Posted Friday June 01, 2012 17:13:12
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On June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States, with its President, Pedro Paterno, issuing a Proclamation of War.

Prior to this proclamation, several battles had already occurred between the Filipino and American forces.

Accordingly, this phase of the Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899– 1902) was an armed military conflict between the Philippines and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States.

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Today in Philippine History, June 4, 1565, the Peace Treaty of Cebu was signed

Posted Sunday June 03, 2012 16:48:39
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On June 4, 1565, the peace treaty of Cebu between Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu was signed. It is the first Philippine peace treaty which effectively created Spain's suzerain over Cebu.

Rajah Tupaz was the son of Sri Parang the Limp, and the nephew of Rajah Humabon (also known as Sri Hamabar). He is known to have been baptized on March 21, 1568 at age 70, placing his birthdate at about 1497.

He ruled Cebu with his peers until he was defeated by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi's soldiers on April 27, 1565.

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Today in Philippine History, June 6, 1875, Norberto Romualdez Sr. was born

Posted Tuesday June 05, 2012 16:40:34
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Norberto Romualdez Sr   
Norberto Romualdez Sr.   
On June 6, 1875, Norberto Romualdez Sr., Leyte's favorite son and delegate to the first constitutional convention, was born in Burauen, Leyte. He was the brother of Vicente Orestes Romualdez, the father of Imelda Romualdez Marcos.

Romualdez was one of the "Seven Wise Men" who drafted the 1935 Constitution for the Philippine Commonwealth.

He finished his Bachelor of Arts with honors at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila in 1895 and earned his title of Maestro de Segunda Ensenanza (high school teacher) at the University of Santo Tomas before the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.

He studied law during the American Occupation and passed the Bar in 1903.

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Today in Philippine History, June 8, 1625, the revolt of Neuva Segovia took place

Posted Thursday June 07, 2012 23:34:49
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On June 8, 1625, the revolt Nueva Segovia (present day Cagayan province) took place in a village called Abulag led by Don Miguel Lanab and a person only known as Alababan. The rebellion started with the killing of Fray Alonso Garcia and Fray Onofre Palao by Lanab and Alababan, followed by burning a church.

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Today in Philippine History, June 9, 1904, Artemio Ricarte was accused of conspiracy, rebellion and insurrection against the Americans

Posted Friday June 08, 2012 15:59:50
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On June 9, 1904, noted Filipino General Artemio Ricarte was accused of illegal possession of firearms, conspiracy, rebellion and insurrection against the Americans.

The so-called "Father of the Philippine Army", Ricarte was the Chief of Operations of the Philippine forces during the Philippine-American War which started in 1899.

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Today in Philippine History, June 10, 1988, Corazon Aquino signed into law the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform act

Posted Saturday June 09, 2012 16:30:22
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On June 10, 1988, President Corazon C. Aquino signed into law Republic Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law.

This law provides for the creation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) to promote and ensure the welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as social justice and equity among people in the rural areas.

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Today in Philippine history, June 11, 1978, the Pag-IBIG Fund was established

Posted Sunday September 08, 2013 13:10:31
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PAG-IBIG fund or Home Development Mutual Fund   
Home Development Mutual Fund (PAG-IBIG fund).   
On June 11, 1978, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1530, the Home Development Mutual Fund (HDMF), more popularly known as the Pag-IBIG Fund was established to answer to the need for a national savings program and an affordable shelter financing for the Filipino worker. Pag-IBIG is an acronym which stands for Pagtutulungan sa Kinabukasan: Ikaw, Bangko, Industria at Gobyerno.

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Today in Philippine history, June 12, 1962, the "June 12" Independence Day, was observed for the first time

Posted Wednesday February 26, 2014 19:25:39
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The June 12, 1898 independence declaration   
The June 12, 1898 Independence Declaration.   
On June 12, 1962, the "June 12" Philippine Independence Day, was observed for the first time throughout the country and was celebrated most impressively in Manila. Both President Diosdado Macapagal and the aged General Emilio Aguinaldo took part in the afternoon ceremonies on the Luneta.

The celebration included a Philippine Armed Forces largely motorized parade which took two hours to pass the Luneta grandstand and in which several small units of the United States Army and Air Force participated, and a civic parade which took an hour longer. President Macapagal delivered one of the most eloquent addresses of his career.

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