Significant daily events in the month of February in Philippine history

Today in Philippine History, February 1, 1898, Cecilio F. Lopez was born in Marikina

Cecilio F. Lopez
  
Cecilio F. Lopez   
On February 1, 1898, Cecilio F. Lopez, first Filipino scientific linguist and academician, was born in Marikina (now) City. He is known in Philippine history as the "Father of Philippine Linguistic."

Lopez, the first Filipino to obtain a doctoral degree in linguistic at the University of Hamburg in 1928, pioneered his work in the growth of a Filipino custom using a scientific study of Philippine Language.

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Today in Philippine History, February 1, 1904, Luke E. Wright was inaugurated as Civil Governor of the Philippines

Governor-General Luke E. Wright   
Governor-General Luke E. Wright   
On February 1, 1904, Luke E. Wright was inaugurated as Civil Governor of the Philippines following Howard Taft's departure.

In his inaugural address Mr. Wright dwelt upon the need of industrial development and of transportation, especially railroads, and urged that encouragement and friendliness be shown to all who desired to enter the islands for their legitimate development. The policy, he said, should be one of "equal opportunities to all".

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Today in Philippine History, February 2, 1899, the National Citizen's Army was founded under the Malolos Republic

On February 2, 1899, the National Citizen's Army, forerunner of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), was founded under the Malolos Republic.

Its origins could be traced to the Tejeros Convention in 1897, where the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo created the Philippine Army under Captain General Artemio Ricarte.

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Today in Philippine History, February 3, 1945, the American forces liberated prisoners of war in Manila

Aerial view of the devastated Manila in May 1945   
Aerial view of the devastated Manila in May 1945   
On February 3, 1945, the American forces liberated nearly 4,000 prisoners of war in the University of Santo Tomas (UST) internment camp in Manila, which signaled the full American control and victory over the Japanese invaders in the Philippines.

The month-long battle, which ended on March 3, 1945, destroyed the city and left scores of people dead. It marked General Douglas MacArthur’s victory in the campaign of reconquest against Japanese military occupation from 1942 to 1945.

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Today in Philippine History, On February 4, 1899, marked the start of the Filipino-American War

San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, where the first shot was fired.   
San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, where the first shot was fired. Photo credit: Aguinaldo : a narrative of Filipino ambitions by Edwin Wildman, Lothrop Pub. Co, Boston, 1901.   
On February 4, 1899, an American sentry shot a Filipino soldier who was trying to cross the San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, marking the start of the Filipino-American War.

At about eight o'clock in the evening of that day, Private William Walter Grayson, together with two other members of his patrol, entered into Barrio Santol in Sampaloc, Manila to find out whether there were Filipino soldiers in the vicinity.

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Today in Philippine History, February 5, 1842, the Wilkes treaty was signed at Soung, Island of Sulu

   The Wilkes treaty of 1842
   Copy of the Wilkes treaty of 1842 courtesy of Dr. H. Otley Beyer -- Walter Johnson Robb (Click on image to enlarge).
On February 5, 1842 the Wilkes treaty was signed at Soung, Island of Sulu. This treaty is the first written understanding between the government of the United States of America and the Philippines through the Sultanate of Sulu.

Sri Paduka Maulana Al Sultan Mahomed Jamal Al Alam Bin (son of) Al Marhon Sri Paduka Al Sultan Mahomed Fathlon, Sultan of Sulu signed in behalf of the Sultanate, and Charles Wilkes commander of the American expedition, for the United States of America.

Here is the full text of the treaty.

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Today in Philippine History, On February 6, 1848, Marcelo Adonay was born in Pakil, Laguna

Marcelo Adonay
  
Marcelo Adonay   
On February 6, 1848, Marcelo Adonay, composer of religious music, was born in Pakil, Laguna to Mariano Adonay and Prudencia Quiteria, a peasant couple.

Poverty left Adonay's parents no choice but to entrust him to the care of the priests at San Agustin Church in Manila. These are the priests who discovered his innate talent in music.

Although he lacked a formal education in music, Adonay mostly self-taught mastered the organ, the violin, the contrabass, and the trumpet. His fellow composers considered him as genius.

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Today in Philippine History, February 6, 1964, General Emilio Aguinaldo died at the Veterans Memorial Hospital

   Ramon Magsaysay with General Aguinaldo
   President Ramon Magsaysay and General Aguinaldo (right) taken on September 15, 1956, on the commemoration of the 58th anniversary of the opening of the Malolos Congress (Photo credit: Philippine Presidential Museum and Library tumbler account).
On February 6, 1964, General Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Philippine Republic, died at 3:05 in the morning at the Veterans Memorial Hospital where he had been confined for over a year, at the age of 95. On the event of Aguinaldo's death, President Diosdado Macapagal issued an executive proclamation providing for a 15-day mourning for the General. President Macapagal on this date also ordered renaming of Camp Murphy to Camp Aguinaldo.

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Today in Philippine History, February 7, 1986, the Comelec conducted presidential and vice-presidential "snap" elections

Marcos and Tolentino 1985 campaign   
Marcos and Tolentino during their campaign.   
On February 7, 1986, the Commission on Elections (Comelec) conducted the presidential and vice-presidential "snap" elections with incumbent President Ferdinand E. Marcos and former Senate President and Foreign Minister Arturo M. Tolentino running against the tandem of Mrs. Corazon C. Aquino and former Senator Salvador H. Laurel.

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Today in Philippine History, February 8, 1890, Claro M. Recto was born in Tiaong, Tayabas

   Claro M. Recto
   Claro M. Recto
On February 8, 1890, Claro M. Recto, a noted lawyer, Congressman, Senator, nationalist statesman and regarded as the Father of the 1935 Constitution, was born in Tiaong, Tayabas (now Quezon province) to Don Claro Recto, Sr. of Rosario Batangas and Doña Micaela Mayo of Lipa.

Recto presided over the 1934 Constitutional Convention that produced the 1935 Constitution, which was in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law. The new Constitution provided for three separate and co-equal branches of the government, the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. Recto as president of the convention personally presented the Commonwealth Constitution to President Roosevelt for his approval and signature.

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Today in Philippine History, February 8, 1935, the Philippine Constitution was adopted

Signing of the 1935 Philippine Constitution on March 23, 1935.   
Signing of the 1935 Philippine Constitution on March 23, 1935. Seated, left to right: George H. Dern, Secretary of War; President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signing the Constitution of the Philippine Commonwealth; Manuel L. Quezon, President, Philippine Senate; standing, left to right: Brig. Gen. Creed F. Cox, Chief, Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department; Frank Murphy, Governor General of the Philippine Islands; Cordell Hull, Secretary of State; Key Pittman, Chairman, Foreign Relations Committee, U.S. Senate; Pedro Guevara, Philippine Resident Commissioner; Miguel Cuaderno, Vice President, Philippine National Bank, Manila, P. I.; Manuel Roxas, Representative, Philippine Legislature, Delegate, Constitutional Assembly; Francisco A. Delgado, Philippine Resident Commissioner.   
On February 8, 1935, the delegates to the 1935 constitutional convention agreed on the final draft of the constitution after having deliberated for several months. It was signed by the 202 members on February 19. The convention which opened on July 30, 1934, was under the Presidency of Senator Claro M. Recto.

The constitution was certified by US President Roosevelt on March 23, 1935 as in conformity to the Tydings-MyDuffe act. In May 14, 1935, it was ratified by the Filipino people by a plebiscite.

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Today in Philippine History, February 9, 1837, Father Jose Burgos was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur

   Father Jose Apolonio Burgos
   (Father Jose Apolonio Burgos)
On February 9, 1837 Father Jose Apolonio Burgos, one of the three Filipino Martyr Priests collectively called GOMBURZA, was born in the town of Vigan, Ilocos Sur. His father was Jose Burgos, a Spanish lieutenant in the Spanish militia of the Ilocos, and his mother was Florencia Garcia, a native of Vigan. He was baptized on the 12th of the same month. He received his first education from his mother, herself a woman of education and fine qualities.

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Today in Philippine History, February 10, 2003, Dr. Josette Biyo was honored by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dr. Josette Biyo   
Dr. Josette Biyo   
On February 10, 2003, Dr. Josette Biyo, a teacher at the Philippine Science High School-Western Visayas Campus, was honored by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory in Lexiton, Massachusetts by naming a minor planet or planetoid (13241) after her.

Planet Biyo is nine kilometers in diameter and is located at the belt between Mars and Jupiter.

Dr. Biyo won in 2002 the grand prize in the Intel International and Engineering Fair in Louiseville, Kentucky.

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Today in Philippine History, February 11, 1861, Severino Reyes was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila

   Severino Reyes
   Severino Reyes
On February 11, 1861, Severino Reyes, noted playwright, writer, dramatist and acclaimed as one of the giants of Tagalog and Filipino Literature in the early 20th century, was born in Sta.Cruz, Manila.

Reyes was famous for writing "Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang" (Tales of Lola Basyang), a series of fairy tale stories told by Lola Basyang, an old woman with loadful of ancient stories stuck in her ancient baul.

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Today in Philippine History, February 11, 1860, Vicente Lukban was born in Labo, Camarines Norte

   General Vicente Lukban
   General Vicente Lukban
On February 11, 1860, Vicente Lukban, was born in Labo, Camarines Norte to Agustin Lukban and Andrea Rilles.

After his elementary education at the Escuela Pia Publica in his hometown, he proceeded to Manila and enrolled at the Ateneo de Manila and later, at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He was employed as official criminalista in the Court of the First Instance where he became acquainted with Marcelo H. del Pilar, Doroteo Jose and other patriots.

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Today in Philippine History, February 12, 1915, Lamberto Vera Avellana was born in Bontoc, Mountain Province

On February 12, 1915, Lamberto Vera Avellana, first Filipino National Artist in Theater and Film, was born in Bontoc, Mountain Province.

Avellana, the so-called Boy Wonder of the Philippine Movies and a prominent film and stage director, made his film debut in 1939 with "Sakay," a biopic on the early 20th century Filipino revolutionary Macario Sakay.

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Today in Philippine History, February 13, 1565, Miguel López de Legazpi landed on the shores of Cibabao

  
Miguel López de Legazpi   
On February 13, 1565, Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi and his troops arrived in the Philippines and landed on the shores of Cibabao (present day Samar island).

On November 21, 1564, Legazpi set sail from Puerto de la Navidad, Mexico, sighted Gua Island in the Ladrones on January 21, stayed there for about 11 days. Sailed for 11 more days mostly of good weather and then finally came in sight of the Filipinas. In the afternoon of February 13, 1565, Legazpi cast anchor in the bay called Cibabao and remained there for 7 or 8 days.

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Today in Philippine History, February 14, 1975, the Philippine Heart Center for Asia was inaugurated

   Philippine Heart Center
   Facade of the Philippine Heart Center (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).
On February 14, 1975, the Philippine Heart Center for Asia in Quezon City was inaugurated. It was established through a Presidential Decree issued by President Ferdinand E. Marcos.

Now known as Philippine Heart Center, it is a hospital and research center with the most modern facilities for heart and related diseases in the country.

Its first director was Dr. Avenilo P. Aventura, who had performed many pioneering operations in the Philippines, including the first successful renal transplantation in 1970.

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Today in Philippine History, February 14, 1912, Maria Kalaw was born in Manila

   Maria Kalaw-Katigbak
   Maria Kalaw in 1931.
On February 14, 1912, Maria Kalaw Katigbak, a Senator, beauty titlist, writer, and civic leader, was born in Manila to Teodoro M. Kalaw, journalist-scholar, and Pura Villanueva, pioneer civic leader and champion of women’s rights in the Philippines.

Maria Kalaw Katigbak belonged to a well-known and much admired family. Her father was a public official whose reputation for integrity was unquestioned. Intellectually, he was at par with the country’s top political figures who were his friends. Her mother, a Spanish mestiza, was a sharp-thinking businesswoman. Practical but principled, she took great pains in protecting the family’s name. It was she who greatly shaped the mind of Maria.

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Today in Philippine History, February 15, 1895, Jovita Fuentes, was born in the town of Capiz in Capiz province

  
Jovita Fuentes   
On February 15, 1895, Jovita Fuentes, the so-called First Lady of Philippine Music, was born in the capital town of Capiz (now Roxas City) in Capiz province.

Fuentes, who received the distinction in 1976 as the first Filipina National Artist in Music, made a name for herself in European opera at a time when the Philippines was hardly heard of in the region.

In recognition of these achievements, she was given the unprecedented award of "Embahadora de Filipinas a su Madre Patria" by Spain.

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Today in Philippine History, February 16, 1899, Apolinario Mabini wrote Galicano Apacible informing him of the war outbreak

On February 16, 1899, Apolinario Mabini wrote a letter to Galicano Apacible in Hong Kong, informing him of the outbreak of the Filipino-American war on February 4 and blamed the Americans for starting the hostilities.

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Today in Philippine History, February 17, 1872, Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora were executed

Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora
  
Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora   
On February 17, 1872, the three martyred Priests, Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, better known for the acronym GOMBURZA, were executed by garrote by the Spaniards in Bagumbayan in connection with the 1872 Cavite Mutiny.

The three priests incurred the hatred of the Spanish authorities for leading the campaign against the abusive Spanish friars and fighting for equal rights among priests. They fought on unresolved issues about secularization in the Philippines that resulted in a conflict among the religious regulars and the church seculars.

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Today in Philippine History, February 17, 1897, the Battle of Zapote Bridge took place

Zapote River bridge   
The Zapote river bridge at the Cavite side. Picture taken in 1899.   
On February 17, 1897, the Battle of Zapote Bridge between the Spanish forces and the Filipino revolutionaries led by General Emilio Aguinaldo took place.

In that battle, Aguinaldo defeated the Spanish troops under Governor-General Camilo de Polavieja by laying a trap for the advancing Spanish forces at the bridge which connected the provinces of Rizal and Cavite.

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Today in Philippine History, February 18, 1981, Lorenzo Ruiz was beatified by Pope John Paul II

Lorenzo Ruiz   
Lorenzo Ruiz   
On February 18, 1981, Lorenzo Ruiz, a former altar boy from Binondo, Manila, was beatified by Pope John Paul II during his Papal visit to the Philippines. It was the first beatification ceremony held outside the Vatican City, Rome.

Father Ruiz was elevated to Sainthood and canonized by Pope John Paul II in Vatican City on October 18, 1987, making him the first Filipino saint and the first Filipino martyr.

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Today in Philippine history, February 18, 1958, Vicente G. Sinco was elected President the University of the Philippines

UP President Vicente G. Sinco   
University of the Philippines President Vicente G. Sinco   
On February 18, 1958, the Board of Regents of the University of the Philippines elected Dean Vicente G. Sinco of the College of Law, to the Presidency of the University.

Sinco received 6 of the 12 votes, Acting President Enrique Virata and Dean of the Graduate School Juan Salcedo, Jr. received 2 votes each and Ambassador Salvador T. Lopez 1 vote. Taking part in the election were the two ex-officio members of the Board, Senator Decoroso Rosales and Representative Manuel S. Enverga, chairmen of the senate and house commitees on education.

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Today in Philippine History, February 19, 1888, Dona Aurora Aragon Quezon was born in Baler, Tayabas

  
   Aurora Aragon Quezon in Malacañang (Credit: Presidential Museum and Library)
On February 19, 1888, Dona Aurora Aragon Quezon, wife of Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, was born in Baler, Tayabas (now Aurora province.)

Dona Aurora stayed in the background during her husband's political life, involving herself with women's organizations such as the National Federation of Women's Clubs, of which she was honorary chairman.

As the first presidential couple to reside in Malacañang, First Lady Aurora spent as little time as possible there, preferring to stay in a "nipa house" in Malacañang Park or in her farm, Kaleidan, in Arayat, Pampanga.

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Today in Philippine History, February 19, 1886, Jose Abad Santos was born in San Fernando, Pampanga

  
   Jose Abad Santos
On February 19, 1886, Jose Abad Santos y Basco, fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was born in San Fernando, Pampanga.

Abad Santos was known to live a simple living, he did not smoke, drink or gamble. He refused gifts to avoid any taint of corruption. Throughout his government career, he was never involved in any scandal. Neither did he get rich while he was in office.

Abad Santos became Chief Justice on December 24, 1941, shortly after the outbreak of World War II. He accompanied the Commonwealth government to Corregidor, where on December 30, 1941, he administered the oath of office to President Manuel L. Quezon and Vice President Sergio Osmeña for their second term.

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Today in Philippine History, February 20, 1862, Francisco Baltazar died at the age 73

   Francisco Baltazar
   Commemorative stamp of March 27, 1953 to mark National Language Week bearing the bust of Francisco Baltazar (Photo credit: Philippine Republic Stamps).
On February 20, 1862, Francisco Baltazar, so-called "Prince of Tagalog Poets" for his impact on Filipino Literature, equivalent of William Shakespeare, died at the age 73.

Born on April 2, 1788, in Bigaa, Bulacan, Baltazar, widely known through his nom-de-plume Francisco Balagtas, wrote Florante at Laura, considered as one of the masterpieces of Philippine literature.

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Today in Philippine History, February 21, 1853, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo was born in Binondo, Manila

   Self portrait, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, 1909
   Self portrait, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, 1901.
On February 21, 1853, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, one of the greatest Filipino painters along with fellow painter Juan Luna in the 19th century, was born in Binondo, Manila.

Hidalgo played a significant role in Philippine history for having been an acquaintance and inspiration for members of the Philippine reform movement which included Dr. Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, Mariano Ponce and Graciano López Jaena.

He studied Fine Arts and was subsequently sent to Spain in 1879 as a "pensionado" and enrolled in the School of Fine Arts in Madrid.

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Today in Philippine History, February 22, 1889, Dr. Jose Rizal wrote to a group of young women of Malolos

Dr. Jose P. Rizal   
On February 22, 1889, national hero Dr. Jose Rizal wrote a letter to a group of young women of Malolos supporting their plan of putting up a night school.

The so-called Women of Malolos comprised of 20 women from prominent Chinese-Filipino families in Malolos, Bulacan who signed and presented a letter to Governor- General Valeriano Weyler on December 12, 1888, requesting permission to open a night school where they could be taught the Spanish language.

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Today in Philippine History, February 23, 1918, an Act was passed to build a national monument for Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio Monument   
The Andres Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan City   
On February 23, 1918, an Act was passed to build a national monument for Andres Bonifacio, known Father of Philippine Revolution for his role in fighting for Philippine independence against the Spanish colonizers.

Act No. 2760 was passed by the Philippine Legislature, of which former Katipuneros, particularly Bonifacio's friend and comrade, Guillermo Masangkay led the move to build the national monument.

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Today in Philippine History, February 24, 1888, General Vicente Lim was born in Calamba, Laguna

   General Vicente Lim
   General Vicente Lim
On February 24, 1888, General Vicente Lim, Bataan hero and the first Filipino to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point (class of 1914), was born in Calamba, Laguna.

Lim served as brigadier general and became the top–ranking Filipino under General Douglas MacArthur, tasked with the defense of Southern Luzon when the Philippine Army was incorporated into the American Forces on July 16, 1941.

He survived the infamous Bataan Death March after American and Filipino forces surrendered to the Japanese forces on April 9, 1942.

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Today in Philippine History, On February 24, 1937, Cebu became a chartered city

   Cebu City
On February 24, 1937, Cebu became a chartered city. From a sleepy fishing village to a fledgling trading port in 1521, from the first Spanish settlement named Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus in 1575 to a municipality in 1901, Cebu finally became a chartered city on February 24, 1937.

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Today in Philippine History, February 25, 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino was sworn in as the 11th President of the Philippines

Corazon Aquino  inauguration   
Corazon Aquino, with her hand resting on a bible held by her late husband’s mother Doña Aurora Aquino, recites the presidential oath, administered by Supreme Court Senior Justice Claudio Teehankee.   
On February 25, 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino was sworn in as the 11th President of the Philippines during ceremonies held at Club Filipino in Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila.

Her inauguration, together with Vice President Salvador H. Laurel, marked the culmination of the historic 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution which toppled the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines.

More popularly known as Cory, she was revered as the Philippines' "Icon of Democracy." She was also hailed by TIME Magazine as the "Saint of Democracy," due to her well-known spiritual life and strong adherence to non-violence and democracy.

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Today in Philippine History, February 26, 1937, Zamboanga, was declared a city by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 39

   Zamboanga City
On February 26, 1937, Zamboanga, previously often called "Jambangan" or land of flowers, was declared a city by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 39.

Situated on the southern tip of Zamboanga del Sur, the city is now the center of commerce, trade, health services, and education for the entire Zamboanga Peninsula (Western Mindanao or Region 9).

Among its popular tourist spots are Fort Pilar, the Pasonanca Park and the Zamboanga City Special Economic Zone Authority (popularly known as Zamboecozone).

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Today in Philippine History, February 27, 1858, Pedro Paterno was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila

Perdo Alejandro Paterno   
Pedro Alejandro Paterno   
On February 27, 1858, Pedro Alejando Paterno, the so-called peacemaker of the Revolution, was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila.

Paterno's greatest contribution to the country was his role as a mediator in the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14, 1897 which led to peace agreement between the Spaniards and the Filipinos, an account of which he published in 1910.

Although the agreement did not last long, it afforded General Emilio Aguinaldo the opportunity to buy arms and ammunition to plot another uprising. Without the Pact which Paterno successfully negotiated, the tide of events would have turned adversely against freedom-loving Filipinos.

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Today in Philippine History, February 27, 1945, General MacArthur restored the Philippine Commonwealth

General Douglas MacArthur   
General Douglas MacArthur signs Japanese surrender instrument aboard USS Missouri on September 2, 1945 in Tokyo Bay (Photo credit Wikipedia Commons).   
On February 27, 1945, General Douglas MacArthur, solemnly declared that in behalf of the Government of the United States, "the full powers and responsibilities under the Constitution restored to the Commonwealth of the Philippines whose seat is here reestablished as provided by law".

This declaration is the culmination of the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth which begun on October 23, 1944, in Tacloban, Leyte, with Sergio Osmeña as President, shortly after MacArthur's return to the Philippines.

MacArthur escaped to Australia from Corregidor on March 11, 1942, to avoid capture by Japanese Forces.

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Today in Philippine History, February 28, 1847, Roman Ongpin was born in Binondo, Manila

   Roman Ongpin
   The Roman Ongpin marker besides the monument in Binondo, Manila.
On February 28, 1847, Roman Ongpin, philantropist and a rich Chinese businessman who supported the Katipuneros during the 1896 uprising against Spain, was born in Binondo, Manila.

Ongpin, who owned an art supplies store called El 82 in Binondo, Manila, secretly supported the Katipuneros by providing food and money to buy rifles, ammunition and supplies for the Filipino independence movement.

His store also became a convenient meeting place for Filipinos and a source of propaganda updates and events of the day.

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Today in Philippine History, February 29, 1956, President Quirino died of heart attack

   President Quirino honored
   President Elpidio Quirino receives military honors for the last time, accompanied by President-elect Ramon Magsaysay. After the honors,President Quirino departed to his rest house in Novaliches, while President-elect Magsaysay ascended the platform for his oath-taking (Photo credit: Philippine Presidential Museum and Library).
On February 29, 1956 (a leap year), President Elipidio Quirino died of heart attack at his home in Novaliches (Quezon City) at around 6:35 in the evening. Quirino retired from politics to private life after his failed bid for re-election in 1953.

President Ramon Magsaysay, Quirino's successor, issued the following statement:

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