Significant daily events in the month of February in Philippine history

Today in Philippine History, February 1, 1898, Cecilio F. Lopez was born in Marikina

Posted Tuesday January 31, 2012 22:21:53
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Cecilio F. Lopez
  
Cecilio F. Lopez   
On February 1, 1898, Cecilio F. Lopez, first Filipino scientific linguist and academician, was born in Marikina (now) City. He is known in Philippine history as the "Father of Philippine Linguistic."

Lopez, the first Filipino to obtain a doctoral degree in linguistic at the University of Hamburg in 1928, pioneered his work in the growth of a Filipino custom using a scientific study of Philippine Language.

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Today in Philippine History, February 2, 1899, the National Citizen's Army was founded under the Malolos Republic

Posted Wednesday February 01, 2012 21:54:30
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On February 2, 1899, the National Citizen's Army, forerunner of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), was founded under the Malolos Republic.

Its origins could be traced to the Tejeros Convention in 1897, where the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo created the Philippine Army under Captain General Artemio Ricarte.

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Today in Philippine History, On February 4, 1899, marked the start of the Filipino-American War

Posted Friday February 03, 2012 21:48:35
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San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, where the first shot was fired.   
San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, where the first shot was fired. Photo credit: Aguinaldo : a narrative of Filipino ambitions by Edwin Wildman, Lothrop Pub. Co, Boston, 1901.   
On February 4, 1899, an American sentry shot a Filipino soldier who was trying to cross the San Juan Bridge, Santa Mesa, marking the start of the Filipino-American War.

At about eight o'clock in the evening of that day, Private William Walter Grayson, together with two other members of his patrol, entered into Barrio Santol in Sampaloc, Manila to find out whether there were Filipino soldiers in the vicinity.

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Today in Philippine History, On February 6, 1848, Marcelo Adonay was born in Pakil, Laguna

Posted Sunday February 05, 2012 23:00:20
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Marcelo Adonay
  
Marcelo Adonay   
On February 6, 1848, Marcelo Adonay, composer of religious music, was born in Pakil, Laguna to Mariano Adonay and Prudencia Quiteria, a peasant couple.

Poverty left Adonay's parents no choice but to entrust him to the care of the priests at San Agustin Church in Manila. These are the priests who discovered his innate talent in music.

Although he lacked a formal education in music, Adonay mostly self-taught mastered the organ, the violin, the contrabass, and the trumpet. His fellow composers considered him as genius.

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Today in Philippine History, February 7, 1986, the Comelec conducted presidential and vice-presidential "snap" elections

Posted Monday February 06, 2012 23:25:33
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Marcos and Tolentino 1985 campaign   
Marcos and Tolentino during their campaign.   
On February 7, 1986, the Commission on Elections (Comelec) conducted the presidential and vice-presidential "snap" elections with incumbent President Ferdinand E. Marcos and former Senate President and Foreign Minister Arturo M. Tolentino running against the tandem of Mrs. Corazon C. Aquino and former Senator Salvador H. Laurel.

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Today in Philippine History, February 8, 1935, the Philippine Constitution was adopted

Posted Friday February 01, 2013 23:36:12
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Signing of the 1935 Philippine Constitution on March 23, 1935.   
Signing of the 1935 Philippine Constitution on March 23, 1935. Seated, left to right: George H. Dern, Secretary of War; President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signing the Constitution of the Philippine Commonwealth; Manuel L. Quezon, President, Philippine Senate; standing, left to right: Brig. Gen. Creed F. Cox, Chief, Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department; Frank Murphy, Governor General of the Philippine Islands; Cordell Hull, Secretary of State; Key Pittman, Chairman, Foreign Relations Committee, U.S. Senate; Pedro Guevara, Philippine Resident Commissioner; Miguel Cuaderno, Vice President, Philippine National Bank, Manila, P. I.; Manuel Roxas, Representative, Philippine Legislature, Delegate, Constitutional Assembly; Francisco A. Delgado, Philippine Resident Commissioner.   
On February 8, 1935, the delegates to the 1935 constitutional convention agreed on the final draft of the constitution after having deliberated for several months. It was signed by the 202 members on February 19. The convention which opened on July 30, 1934, was under the Presidency of Senator Claro M. Recto.

The constitution was certified by US President Roosevelt on March 23, 1935 as in conformity to the Tydings-MyDuffe act. In May 14, 1935, it was ratified by the Filipino people by a plebiscite.

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Today in Philippine History, February 10, 2003, Dr. Josette Biyo was honored by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Posted Thursday February 09, 2012 22:52:15
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Dr. Josette Biyo   
Dr. Josette Biyo   
On February 10, 2003, Dr. Josette Biyo, a teacher at the Philippine Science High School-Western Visayas Campus, was honored by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory in Lexiton, Massachusetts by naming a minor planet or planetoid (13241) after her.

Planet Biyo is nine kilometers in diameter and is located at the belt between Mars and Jupiter.

Dr. Biyo won in 2002 the grand prize in the Intel International and Engineering Fair in Louiseville, Kentucky.

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Today in Philippine History, February 11, 1860, Vicente Lukban was born in Labo, Camarines Norte

Posted Saturday March 23, 2013 19:31:26
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   General Vicente Lukban
   General Vicente Lukban
On February 11, 1860, Vicente Lukban, was born in Labo, Camarines Norte to Agustin Lukban and Andrea Rilles.

After his elementary education at the Escuela Pia Publica in his hometown, he proceeded to Manila and enrolled at the Ateneo de Manila and later, at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He was employed as official criminalista in the Court of the First Instance where he became acquainted with Marcelo H. del Pilar, Doroteo Jose and other patriots.

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Today in Philippine History, February 1, 1904, Luke E. Wright was inaugurated as Civil Governor of the Philippines

Posted Thursday February 21, 2013 00:09:37
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Governor-General Luke E. Wright   
Governor-General Luke E. Wright   
On February 1, 1904, Luke E. Wright was inaugurated as Civil Governor of the Philippines following Howard Taft's departure.

In his inaugural address Mr. Wright dwelt upon the need of industrial development and of transportation, especially railroads, and urged that encouragement and friendliness be shown to all who desired to enter the islands for their legitimate development. The policy, he said, should be one of "equal opportunities to all".

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Today in Philippine History, February 3, 1945, the American forces liberated prisoners of war in Manila

Posted Friday February 03, 2012 00:32:16
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Aerial view of the devastated Manila in May 1945   
Aerial view of the devastated Manila in May 1945   
On February 3, 1945, the American forces liberated nearly 4,000 prisoners of war in the University of Santo Tomas (UST) internment camp in Manila, which signaled the full American control and victory over the Japanese invaders in the Philippines.

The month-long battle, which ended on March 3, 1945, destroyed the city and left scores of people dead. It marked General Douglas MacArthur’s victory in the campaign of reconquest against Japanese military occupation from 1942 to 1945.

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Today in Philippine History, February 5, 1842, the Wilkes treaty was signed at Soung, Island of Sulu

Posted Wednesday January 16, 2013 04:05:06
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   The Wilkes treaty of 1842
   Copy of the Wilkes treaty of 1842 courtesy of Dr. H. Otley Beyer -- Walter Johnson Robb (Click on image to enlarge).
On February 5, 1842 the Wilkes treaty was signed at Soung, Island of Sulu. This treaty is the first written understanding between the government of the United States of America and the Philippines through the Sultanate of Sulu.

Sri Paduka Maulana Al Sultan Mahomed Jamal Al Alam Bin (son of) Al Marhon Sri Paduka Al Sultan Mahomed Fathlon, Sultan of Sulu signed in behalf of the Sultanate, and Charles Wilkes commander of the American expedition, for the United States of America.

Here is the full text of the treaty.

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Today in Philippine History, February 6, 1964, General Emilio Aguinaldo died at the Veterans Memorial Hospital

Posted Friday February 01, 2013 04:12:34
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   Ramon Magsaysay with General Aguinaldo
   President Ramon Magsaysay and General Aguinaldo (right) taken on September 15, 1956, on the commemoration of the 58th anniversary of the opening of the Malolos Congress (Photo credit: Philippine Presidential Museum and Library tumbler account).
On February 6, 1964, General Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Philippine Republic, died at 3:05 in the morning at the Veterans Memorial Hospital where he had been confined for over a year, at the age of 95. On the event of Aguinaldo's death, President Diosdado Macapagal issued an executive proclamation providing for a 15-day mourning for the General. President Macapagal on this date also ordered renaming of Camp Murphy to Camp Aguinaldo.

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Today in Philippine History, February 8, 1890, Claro M. Recto was born in Tiaong, Tayabas

Posted Tuesday February 07, 2012 22:51:35
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   Claro M. Recto
   Claro M. Recto
On February 8, 1890, Claro M. Recto, a noted lawyer, Congressman, Senator, nationalist statesman and regarded as the Father of the 1935 Constitution, was born in Tiaong, Tayabas (now Quezon province) to Don Claro Recto, Sr. of Rosario Batangas and Doña Micaela Mayo of Lipa.

Recto presided over the 1934 Constitutional Convention that produced the 1935 Constitution, which was in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law. The new Constitution provided for three separate and co-equal branches of the government, the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. Recto as president of the convention personally presented the Commonwealth Constitution to President Roosevelt for his approval and signature.

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Today in Philippine History, February 9, 1837, Father Jose Burgos was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur

Posted Wednesday February 08, 2012 22:09:31
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   Father Jose Apolonio Burgos
   (Father Jose Apolonio Burgos)
On February 9, 1837 Father Jose Apolonio Burgos, one of the three Filipino Martyr Priests collectively called GOMBURZA, was born in the town of Vigan, Ilocos Sur. His father was Jose Burgos, a Spanish lieutenant in the Spanish militia of the Ilocos, and his mother was Florencia Garcia, a native of Vigan. He was baptized on the 12th of the same month. He received his first education from his mother, herself a woman of education and fine qualities.

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Today in Philippine History, February 11, 1861, Severino Reyes was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila

Posted Friday February 10, 2012 22:12:06
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   Severino Reyes
   Severino Reyes
On February 11, 1861, Severino Reyes, noted playwright, writer, dramatist and acclaimed as one of the giants of Tagalog and Filipino Literature in the early 20th century, was born in Sta.Cruz, Manila.

Reyes was famous for writing "Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang" (Tales of Lola Basyang), a series of fairy tale stories told by Lola Basyang, an old woman with loadful of ancient stories stuck in her ancient baul.

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Today in Philippine History, February 12, 1915, Lamberto Vera Avellana was born in Bontoc, Mountain Province

Posted Saturday February 11, 2012 22:29:02
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On February 12, 1915, Lamberto Vera Avellana, first Filipino National Artist in Theater and Film, was born in Bontoc, Mountain Province.

Avellana, the so-called Boy Wonder of the Philippine Movies and a prominent film and stage director, made his film debut in 1939 with "Sakay," a biopic on the early 20th century Filipino revolutionary Macario Sakay.

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