Today in Philippine History, June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States

On June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States, with its President, Pedro Paterno, issuing a Proclamation of War.

Prior to this proclamation, several battles had already occurred between the Filipino and American forces.

Accordingly, this phase of the Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899– 1902) was an armed military conflict between the Philippines and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States.

The Filipinos under the leadership of General Emilio Aguinaldo rejected the annexation of the Philippines and were determined to defend their freedom.

From the very start, the Americans manifested bad faith when they refused to recognize Philippine Independence after it was declared by General Aguinaldo on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite.

Inevitably, the San Juan Bridge incident on February 4, 1899 led to the outbreak of hostilities when an American sentry shot a Filipino soldier.

Hence, the Philippine-American war ensued between 1899 and 1902 with Filipinos at a disadvantage, for they had no sufficient arms with which to fight the enemy. But it took the Americans almost three years to conquer the Filipinos.

Reference: Philippines News Agency

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