Today in Philippine history


(August 1)

Today in Philippine History, August 1, 2009, Corazon Aquino died of colon cancer

Casket of late former President Corazon Aquino on August 3, 2009   
Casket of late former President Corazon Aquino passes by EDSA on August 3, 2009 (Credit: militaryphotos.net).   
On August 1, 2009, Ma. Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino, the first woman President of the Philippines, died of colon cancer at the age of 76.

Born in Manila, "Tita Cory," as she was fondly called, was the mother of the country's 15th and current President, Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III. She is best remembered for leading the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution which toppled the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines.

Notably, she was revered by many Filipinos as the Philippines' "Icon of Democracy". She was also hailed by TIME Magazine as the "Saint of Democracy", due to her well-known spiritual life and strong adherence to non-violence and democracy.


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Today in Philippine history July 30, 1953, John Hopkin's Hospital announced the condition of President Quirino

President Quirino with Malacañang reporters
(President Quirino with Malacañang reporters)

On July 30, 1953 in Manila, July 29 in Baltimore, Maryland, Joseph Kelly, public relations officer of the John Hopkin's Hospital announced that President Quirino's health is satisfactory and condition has improved.

"The President rested well last night and his condition is satisfactory. He had a period of difficulty yesterday when there was some internal bleeeding. He received several blood transfusions after which his blood pressure and pulse returned to normal and remained so through the night. His condition this morning is improved."


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Rajah Indara Patra and the Dragons - A Mindanao Legend

Rajah Indara Patra and the Dragons

A very, very long time ago, when the island of Mindanao was but newly sprung from the sea, a pair of gigantic dragons lived there - Omaka-an and his mate Maka-ogis. For a time they roamed over the entire island, but finally they settled in the region about Lake Lanao.

Omaka-an established one lair in the Gurayen mountain range in the northwest, and another in the Makaturing range in the southeast. They had another haunt on Mount Matutum in Cotabato. So big were these monsters that when they slept they used the summits of the mountain ridges for beds. When they wanted to fish in Illana Bay to the south, they had only to stretch out their monstrous limbs and scoop up water and fish with their great claws.

These dragons had a taste for human flesh and devoured those people who were daring enough to attempt to settle in Lanao. A very few did settle in the country, but had to hide in caves and trees, and Allah took pity on them and changed them into sprites. Reports of the cannibalistic monsters spread far and wide and reached even Mecca.


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Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez champion of Filipino clergy, the first truly national leader

Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez champion of Filipino clergy   
(Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez)   
It is rather unfortunate that the name of the great Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez is not well known as it deserves, partly due to the fact that his role, though important, was less dramatic than those played by others, like Fathers Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora who were garroted in February of 1872. And yet Burgos and his companions played comparatively unimportant parts since they merely continued the work initiated by Pelaez whose championship of the Filipino clergy was well known before he died a victim of the great earthquake of June 3, 1863. Perhaps, in a sense, it is better that Pelaez died then, because there is no doubt that he should have been the first victim of the Cavite mutiny of 1872. On the other hand, it is lamentable because his less spectacular death had placed him in comparative oblivion. Perhaps, the fault lies partly on our historians who have not properly emphasized his achievements when he is entitled to the highest place in the public esteem.

On 1812, Pedro Pablo Pelaez was born in Pagsangjan, Laguna. Pedro was the son of Don Jose Pelaez Rubio a peninsular and alcalde-mayor of the province, and Doña Josefa Sebastian Gomez Lozada, a creole of Spanish parents. There is no agreement on his birthday, some historians say he was born June 12, 1812. Others assert that he was born on June 29, 1812.


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Today in Philippine history, June 3, 1863, a strong earthquake rocked Manila

On June 3, 1863, a strong earthquake rocked Manila
(An artist's impression of Manila Cathedral following the June 3, 1863 earthquake.)

On June 3, 1863, at thirty-one minutes past seven in the evening, after a day of tremendous heat while all Manila was busy in its preparations for the festival of Corpus Christi, the ground suddenly rocked to and fro with great violence. The firmest buildings reeled visibly, walls crumbled, and beams snapped in two. The dreadful shock lasted half a minute; but this little interval was enough to change the whole town into a mass of ruins, and to bury alive hundreds of its inhabitants.

Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez, in temporary charge of the diocese and dying in the cathedral, was the foremost Filipino victim. Pelaez and several others were celebrating the rites of Corpus Christi at the Cathedral when the earthquake destroyed the roof of the edifice and buried them under the debris which took days to clear. Pelaez' corps was found later beside a friend under the debris of the Cathedral.


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The Chinese Ancestry of Jose Rizal (continued)

Family tree made by Rizal when in Dapitan
Family tree made by Rizal when in Dapitan.
(This is an extract from the book by Austin Craig, titled, Lineage, life and labors of Jose Rizal, Philippine patriot: a study of the growth of free ideas in the trans Pacific American territory.)

The hope of the Biñan landlords that by changing from Filipino to Chinese tenantry they could avoid further litigation seems to have been disappointed. A family tradition of Francisco Mercado tells of a tedious and costly lawsuit with the Order. Its details and merits are no longer remembered, and they are not important.


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How to use and append data to Masonry in responsive jQueryMobile with JSF 2 and ajax

   Using Masonry in jQueryMobile with JSF 2 and Ajax
This is a demonstration on using Masonry, a grid layout JavaScript library, in a responsive JSF 2 page with jQueryMobile framework. This also shows how to do partial update, appending new grid items to Masonry by fetching additional data from the server via JSF <.f:ajax /> requests. The following assumes that you have included in a page the necessary jQuery, jQueryMobile, Masonry, and ImagesLoaded JavaScript and CSS files. This is based on MyFaces 2.2.3 JSF implementation, version 1.43 of jQueryMobile (JQM), and Masonry version 3.2.

As a demo please check out our Gallery page, it employs the same code as described here.


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Install Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed in Debian Wheezy

   How to install Tomcat 8 in Debian Wheezy
Here is a guide on how to configure Debian Wheezy with Tomcat 8 behind Nginx with Google PageSpeed. This is based on our recently configured Wheezy of similar setup. Below are the main components of this webserver installation.

  • Nginx with Googe PageSpeed and some other Nginx modules
  • Tomcat 8 on Java 7
  • MySQL and phpMyAdmin on php5-fpm.
  • Debian Wheezy Linux server.


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How to play a sound when an element is clicked in HTML page

   How to play a sound when an element is clicked in HTML page
In this example we will demonstrate how to play a "click" sound when a link or other element is clicked in HTML pages. A sample code for jQueryMobile is also provided. An MP3 audio file is used play the actual sound. You have to have jQuery in your page for this to work.

Sound is played through HTML5 <audio /> tag but instead of embedding the tag manually, the tag is created via Javascript/JQuery. Below is how this is done.


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Using Google Custom Search engine in PrimeFaces Overlay Panels

The following is an example on how to implement a custom Google Search engine in PrimeFaces version 4 <p:overlayPanel />. First create an account with Google Custom search (CSE) here https://www.google.com/cse. You will get your own Custom Search engine ID. From within your CSE account you will find a place to generate the following basic CSE Javascript code. Place this code in the head section or in the body just before the closing </body> tag, whichever is prefered.


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How to create a JQuery Mobile page with responsive grids

This blog aims to demo examples on how to implement a responsive page targeting various handheld screen sizes. What we decribe here is similar to what we use in our XHTML JSF home page that uses JQuery mobile but is no different when applied to a JQuery mobile page in HTML.


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